Leflunomide in Treating Patients With Anaplastic Astrocytoma in First Relapse


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Study Location
St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona, 85001-2071, United States


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Eligibility Criteria
The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
Females and Males
Pediatric Trials: 0-17 Years
Adult Trials: 18+ Years
18 + years


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Advanced Information
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Leflunomide in Treating Patients With Anaplastic Astrocytoma in First Relapse
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase II Open Label Study of SU101 for Patients With Anaplastic Astrocytoma in First Relapse
Brief Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of leflunomide in treating patients who have anaplastic astrocytoma in first relapse.

Detailed Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the median time to progression, median survival, and objective response of patients with anaplastic astrocytoma or anaplastic oligoastrocytoma in first relapse treated with intravenous leflunomide (SU101). II. Assess the safety of SU101 in these patients. III. Describe the health-related quality of life of patients treated with intravenous SU101.

OUTLINE: This is an open label, multicenter study. Patients receive leflunomide (SU101) IV over 6 hours on days 1-4. Patients then receive SU101 IV over 6 hours weekly for 6 weeks (beginning between days 8-12). Patients exhibiting complete response, partial response, or stable disease may continue on treatment for up to a year or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurs. Patients continuing therapy receive SU101 IV over 6 hours every week for 7 weeks, followed by 1 week of rest. Quality of life is assessed every 8 weeks and at the end of the study. Patients are followed every 8 weeks or until tumor progression.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 60 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: leflunomide
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 9, 2007)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE May 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date May 2006   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed anaplastic astrocytoma or anaplastic oligoastrocytoma in first relapse Recurrence or progression at least 6 months from initial diagnosis Must have received maximally feasible surgical resection and fractionated external beam radiotherapy Must have received no more than 1 prior systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen for initial disease Bidimensionally measurable disease by MRI scan (stable dose of corticosteroids for at least 7 days prior to scan)

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 60-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 75,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL Hepatic: AST no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Bilirubin less than 1.5 times ULN Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance at least 40 mL/min Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 3 months after the study No known allergy to etoposide No other acute or chronic medical illness or psychiatric disorder

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 4 weeks since prior epoetin alfa, filgrastim (G-CSF), or sargramostim (GM-CSF) and recovered No concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (2 weeks since vincristine; 6 weeks since nitrosoureas or mitomycin) and recovered No prior leflunomide (SU101) therapy No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent hormonal therapy (except medroxyprogesterone acetate for appetite stimulation) Radiotherapy: See Disease Characteristics No more than 1 prior course of radiotherapy At least 8 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered No prior interstitial radiotherapy or implanted carmustine wafers Prior radiosensitizer(s) concurrent with radiotherapy or used as neoadjuvant therapy allowed No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics No more than 2 prior surgical resections At least 1 week since prior surgery or biopsy for anaplastic astrocytoma No concurrent surgery (including resection, stereotactic surgery, or interstitial implants) Other: At least 4 weeks since prior investigational agents No other concurrent investigational agents

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study:All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Canada,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00003775
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE SUGEN-SU101.021
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Pfizer
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Pfizer
Collaborators  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair:Alison L. Hannah, MBBSSUGEN
PRS Account Pfizer
Verification Date September 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP