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Azithromycin Plus Chloroquine Versus Atovaquone-Proguanil For The Treatment Of Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria In South America

Last updated on February 23, 2019

FOR MORE INFORMATION
Study Location
Contact
1-800-718-1021
Eligibility criteria
Condition
The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.
Falciparum Malaria
Sex
Females and Males
Age
Pediatric Trials: 0-17 Years
Adult Trials: 18+ Years
18 + years
Inclusion criteria
The factors, or reasons, that allow a person to participate in a clinical study.
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- Written informed consent of the subject or a legally authorized representative

- Females and males >= 18 years of age with uncomplicated, symptomatic malaria as
indicated by the presence of both of the following: a.) Blood smears positive for
Plasmodium falciparum asexual parasitemia between 1000 - 40,000 parasites/mL; b.)
Fever or history of fever (>= 38.5 C/101.2 F rectal or tympanic; >= 37.5 C/99.5 F
axillary or >= 38 C/100.4 F oral) within the prior 24 hours

- Serum glucose >= 60 mg/dL (by fingerstick or peripheral blood collection)

- Positive rapid diagnostic test (Binax NOW ICT) positive for P. falciparum

- Subjects must be willing to be treated in the inpatient setting for a minimum of three
days or more until parasitemia has cleared and the Investigator deems the subject fit
for discharge

- Women of childbearing potential (that is, women who have not been surgically
sterilized or are not clearly post-menopausal), must have a negative urine
gonadotropin prior to entry into the study and must agree to use adequate
contraception during the entire study and for one month after the last study visit

Exclusion criteria
The factors, or reasons, that prevent a person from participating in a clinical study.
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- Severe or complicated malaria including subjects with any of the following: a.)
Impaired consciousness (e.g. obtundation, unarousable coma, delirium, stupor),
seizures (any seizure within a 24 hour prior to enrollment) or abnormal neurologic
exam suggestive of severe or complicated malaria b.) Hemoglobinuria c.) Jaundice d.)
Respiratory distress (respiratory rate â?¥ 30 breaths/minute) e.) Persistent vomiting
f.) Hematuria, as reported by the patient

- Pregnant or breast-feeding women

- History of allergy to or hypersensitivity to azithromycin or any macrolide,
atovaquone, proguanil or chloroquine

- Concomitant administration of rifampin or rifabutin and metoclopramide

- History of epilepsy or psoriasis

- History of treatment with any antimalarial drug (chloroquine, quinine, mefloquine,
atovaquone/proguanil, sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine, artemisinin compounds) or
antibacterial with known antimalarial activity (macrolides, doxycycline, clindamycin)
within 2 weeks prior to enrollment into the study

- Known or suspected cardiovascular, hepatic or renal abnormality that in the opinion of
the Investigator would place the subject at increased risk to participate in the
study. The following findings are specific exclusions: a.) Known or suspected
creatinine clearance 3 x upper limit of normal

- Inability to swallow oral medication in tablet or capsule form

- Treatment with other investigational drugs within 30 days prior to enrollment into the
study

- Alcohol and/or any other drug abuse

- Requirement to use medication during the study that might interfere with the
evaluation of the study drug

- Specific systemic diseases or other medical conditions that would interfere with the
evaluation of the therapeutic response or safety of the study drug

- Inability to comprehend and/or unwillingness follow to the study protocol

- Prior participation in this study

NCT00084227
Pfizer
Completed
Azithromycin Plus Chloroquine Versus Atovaquone-Proguanil For The Treatment Of Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria In South America

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