ABOUT THIS STUDY
1. Mass suspicious for carcinoma, clinical diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the colon (to be histologically confirmed upon study entry) or an adenoma that is not removable by endoscopy.
2. Patient must be undergoing colo-rectal resection
3. age > 18yrs
4. Karnofsky performance status(KPS) > 60.
5. Signed and dated informed consent.
6. Complete history and physical examination within 30 days of study entry.
7. Laboratory evaluations within 30 days of study entry to include: Complete Blood Count(CBC) with differential and platelets, Blood Urea Nitrogen(BUN), creatinine, bilirubin, serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase(SGPT), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), alkaline phosphatase, total protein, albumin and carcinoembryonic antigen(CEA).
8. Chest x-ray within 30 days of study entry.
9. The subject has no other serious medical illness, other than that treated by this study, which would limit the ability of the patient to receive protocol therapy, or psychiatric condition which would prevent informed consent.
Absolute exclusion criteria:
1. severe infection ;White Blood Cell Count(WBC) > 2 times normal, fever, sepsis)
2. immunosuppression (steroids, transplant patient)
3. emergent operation(perforation, obstruction).
4. Patients with serum bilirubin or creatinine levels greater than two times the normal upper limit would be excluded.
5. Pregnant or lactating women or subjects of child bearing age who do not practice effective means of birth control
6. Sulfonamide allergy
7. Recurrent or previous history of known ischemic heart disease or thrombotic events as well as any angioplasty or cardiac by-pass procedures in the previous 12 months.
Relative exclusion criteria:
1. Medications taken by the patient that are listed in section 9.0 of this protocol would be reviewed by the enlisting physician prior to entry into the study. Warfarin, aspirin and methotrexate would be stopped prior to protocol entry as these are stopped prior to any surgery. The most common of the listed medications would be ACE inhibitors and furosemide. The dose, schedule and indications of the medications would be reviewed with the patient and a decision regarding entry into the study would be made by the enlisting physician. Other less common medications will be similarly reviewed, however most had little or no clinical side effects despite potential biochemical interactions.
2. Medications known to be COX inhibitors would have to be stopped prior to entry into the study. This would include any aspirin,nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs(NSAID) (ibuprofen, naproxen, rofecoxib, celecoxib, Mobic, etc) or over the counter cold medication that might contain these substances. A list of common over-the-counter medications that might contain such substances will be reviewed with the patient and if there are any questions after the study has begun, instructions to call before taking any medications will be given.
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