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Safety and Efficacy Study of Enzalutamide Versus Bicalutamide in Men With Prostate Cancer

Last updated on February 17, 2019

FOR MORE INFORMATION
Study Location
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, 35233 United States
Contact
1-800-718-1021
Eligibility criteria
Condition
The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.
Prostate Cancer
Sex
Male
Age
Pediatric Trials: 0-17 Years
Adult Trials: 18+ Years
18 + years
Inclusion criteria
The factors, or reasons, that allow a person to participate in a clinical study.
Show details

- Males age 18 or older;

- Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate;

- Ongoing androgen deprivation therapy;

- Serum testosterone level ≤ 50 ng/dL (1.73 nmol/L) at the Screening visit;

- Progressive disease at study entry defined by prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
progression and/or radiographic progression that occurred while the patient was on
primary androgen deprivation therapy;

- Asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic from prostate cancer;

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1;

- Estimated life expectancy of ≥ 12 months;

- Able to swallow the study drug and comply with study requirements.

Exclusion criteria
The factors, or reasons, that prevent a person from participating in a clinical study.
Show details

- Severe concurrent disease, infection, or co-morbidity;

- Known or suspected brain metastasis or active leptomeningeal disease;

- History of another invasive malignancy within the previous 5 years other than treated
non-melanomatous skin cancer and American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Stage 0 or
Stage 1 cancers that have a remote probability of recurrence;

- Absolute neutrophil count 9 g/dL at the Screening visit;

- Total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >
2.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) at the Screening visit;

- Creatinine > 2 mg/dL at the Screening visit;

- Albumin

- History of seizure or any condition that may predispose to seizure;

- Clinically significant cardiovascular disease;

- Gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption (e.g., gastrectomy, active peptic ulcer
disease within last 3 months);

- Major surgery within 4 weeks of enrollment;

- Use of opiate analgesics for pain from prostate cancer within 4 weeks of enrollment;

- Radiation therapy for treatment of the primary tumor within 3 weeks of enrollment;

- Prior radiation or radionuclide therapy for treatment of distant metastases;

- Prior ketoconazole, abiraterone, or cytotoxic chemotherapy for prostate cancer;

- Treatment with hormonal therapy or biologic therapy for prostate cancer within 4 weeks
of enrollment;

- Use of antiandrogens within 4 weeks prior to enrollment;

- Prior disease progression, as assessed by the Investigator, while receiving
bicalutamide;

- Participation in a previous clinical trial of enzalutamide or an investigational agent
that inhibits the androgen receptor or androgen synthesis (patients who received
placebo are acceptable);

- Use of an investigational agent within 4 weeks of enrollment;

- Use of herbal products that may have hormonal anti-prostate cancer activity and/or are
known to decrease PSA levels (e.g., saw palmetto) or systemic corticosteroids for
prostate cancer within 4 weeks of enrollment;

- Any condition or reason that, in the opinion of the Investigator, interferes with the
ability of the patient to participate in the trial, which places the patient at undue
risk, or complicates the interpretation of safety data.

Open-Label Treatment Period:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Received randomized double blind treatment in MDV3100-09 as follows:

- Randomized to enzalutamide and receiving enzalutamide at the time of study
unblinding;

- Randomized to bicalutamide and receiving bicalutamide at the time of study
unblinding;

- Randomized to bicalutamide and discontinued bicalutamide before study unblinding;

- Willing to maintain androgen deprivation therapy with a gonadotropin releasing hormone
(GnRH) agonist/antagonist or has had a bilateral orchiectomy.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Is currently or has taken commercially available enzalutamide (Xtandi) prior to
participation in this open-label extension;

- Discontinued enzalutamide during the double-blind portion of the study prior to
unblinding;

- Has any clinically significant cardiovascular, dermatologic, endocrine,
gastrointestinal, hematologic, hepatic, infectious, metabolic, neurologic,
psychiatric, psychologic, pulmonary, or renal disorder or any other condition,
including excessive alcohol or drug abuse, or secondary malignancy, that may interfere
with study participation in the opinion of the investigator or medical monitor;

- Has a current or previously treated brain metastasis or leptomeningeal disease;

- Has a history of seizure or any condition that may predispose to seizure (eg, prior
cortical stroke or significant brain trauma);

- Has a history of loss of consciousness or transient ischemic attack within 12 months
of open label day 1;

- Has taken cytotoxic chemotherapy or investigational therapy within 4 weeks before
enrollment (open label day 1).

NCT01664923
Pfizer
Completed
Safety and Efficacy Study of Enzalutamide Versus Bicalutamide in Men With Prostate Cancer

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Pfizer Clinical Trials Contact Center

1-800-718-1021

[email protected]

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Contact a representative by phone, email, or visiting the study website. Please see the references below:

BY PHONE

Pfizer Clinical Trials Contact Center

1-800-718-1021

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[email protected]

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