Understanding Pneumococcal Carriage and Disease 2017-2020

NCT03102840

Last updated date
Study Location
Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine
Oxford, Oxfordshire, OX3 7LE, United Kingdom
Contact
01865611400

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Eligibility Criteria
condition
The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.
Streptococcus Pneumoniae Infection, Invasive Disease Streptococcus Pneumoniae, Streptococcal Pneumonia
Sex
Females and Males
Age
Pediatric Trials: 0-17 Years
Adult Trials: 18+ Years
6-48 months
Inclusion Criteria
The factors, or reasons, that allow a person to participate in a clinical study.
Show details

1. Parent/guardian of participant is willing and able to give informed consent for participation in the study.

2. In good health as determined by a brief medical history and/or clinical judgement of the investigator.

3. For children aged 13-48months, they must have received three doses of PCV13 as per infant immunization schedule (as confirmed by red book or through vaccination history and age). For children aged 6-12months, they must have received 2 doses of PCV12 as per the infant immunisation schedule.

(Vaccination history is confirmed by the child's GP or CHCD. The visit and sampling may still proceed if the vaccination history has not been confirmed beforehand and the participant can be subsequently excluded if they were found to not have received all required doses of PCV13.)

4. Aged 13-48 months and at least 28 days since their third PCV13 vaccination or aged 6-12months and at least 28days since their second dose of PCV13.

5. Able (in the Investigators opinion) and willing to comply with all study requirements.

Exclusion Criteria
The factors, or reasons, that prevent a person from participating in a clinical study.
Show details


1. Parent/legal guardian unwilling or unable to give written informed consent to
participate in the study.


2. Parent/legal guardian less than 18 years of age at time of enrolment.


3. Parent/legal guardian is listed on the study delegation log.


4. Children who were known to be un-immunized or have an incomplete course of PCV13.


5. Any other significant disease or disorder which, in the opinion of the Investigator,
may either put the participants at risk because of participation in the study, or may
influence the result of the study, or the participant's ability to participate in the
study.


6. History of bleeding disorder.


Temporary exclusion criteria:


1. Febrile illness or temperature of 38°C or above on the day of the visit or in the
preceding 24 hours.


2. Respiratory illness on the day of the study visit or in the preceding 24 hours. A
respiratory illness will be classified as a combination of at least two of the
following symptoms: cough, sore throat, and runny nose.


3. Administration of antibiotics in the month prior to sampling.


4. History of an acute nose bleed (within the last 24 hours), or recent (within the last
3 months) nasal/craniofacial surgery.


5. Receipt of blood products and/or plasma derivatives or any parenteral immunoglobulin
preparation within 90 days.

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Streptococcus Pneumoniae Infection, Invasive Disease Streptococcus Pneumoniae, Streptococcal PneumoniaUnderstanding Pneumococcal Carriage and Disease 2017-2020
NCT03102840
  1. Oxford, Oxfordshire
ALL GENDERS
6 Months+
years
MULTIPLE SITES
Advanced Information
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Understanding Pneumococcal Carriage and Disease 2017-2020
Official Title Cross-sectional Study to Establish the Point Prevalence of Serotype 19A Pneumococcal Nasopharyngeal Carriage of Fully Vaccinated Children Aged 6-48 Months 7 Years Following Introduction of PCV-13
Brief Summary

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a type of bacteria that is carried (lives) in the nose of most individuals and can sometimes go on to cause severe infections such as meningitis and pneumonia. There are over 100 types of pneumococcus, and children in the UK have been routinely immunized against pneumococcal disease since 2006. A vaccine against 13 types of pneumococcus (PCV 13) was introduced into the UK in 2010, replacing a previous version that prevented 7 types.

Pneumococcal carriage in the Thames Valley region has been studied over the last 7 years with carriage rates having been shown to be reflective of potential severe pneumococcal disease and hence vaccine effect.

The main purpose of this study is to see whether the pneumococcal immunization program has changed the frequency and nature of pneumococcal bacteria carried by children, as this may give a clue as to what changes in pneumococcal disease are likely to be seen in the future. In addition, this study is especially timely given the possibility of a change in the PCV 13 immunization schedule that is currently being assessed in the 'Sched3' Immunization study (NCT02482636). Obtaining accurate baseline data will be important in informing the interpretation of any subsequent data on carriage rates obtained following introduction of the new schedule.

This study will enrol up to 1600 children aged 13 to 48 months living in the Thames Valley and South Midlands and which have had three doses of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. In addition, up to 800, 6-12 month old children who have received a priming dose of PCV13 will be recruited. The study consists of one visit done at a convenient venue (GP surgeries, educational/ play settings, or home) where a single nasal swab and an optional finger-prick blood sample for a sub-set of 632 participants, will be performed. No additional follow-up is needed. The study recruitment period will be from 2017 onwards.

Detailed Description

This is a cross sectional observational study to determine the point prevalence of pneumococcal carriage in children. In this study up to 1600, healthy children aged 13-48 months who have received a complete course of PCV13 at least one month prior to study enrolment, will be recruited. In addition, up to 800, 6-12 month old children who have received a priming dose of PCV13 will be recruited.

For the 13-48 month cohort, an interim analysis for futility to demonstrate an increase in serotype 19A will be performed after the first 750 participants.

The study will be carried out in the Thames Valley and South Midlands. Parents/legal guardians will be approached either by website based advertisements, social media, poster advertisements and emailing and/or handing out information booklets through their child's nurseries, GP Surgeries and educational/play settings. The investigators may also identify potential participants by mailing out invitation letters and leaflets to age appropriate children via the Open Exeter system of National Health Application and Infrastructure Services, the Child Health Computer Department, equivalent NHS database or through the Clinical Research Network. Parents/legal guardians of potential participants who have expressed interest will be directed to the Oxford Vaccine group (OVG) website where they will be able to access the participant information booklet and if appropriate complete online self-screening. If parents approach OVG to express interest, the information booklet will be sent to them and they may be telephone screened.

This study will involve a one off visit. The study visit will be arranged to occur in a convenient venues such as: hospital out patients, university clinic rooms, village halls, church halls, nurseries, participant's homes, sporting and recreational areas, GP practices and other similar venues where pre-school children frequently attend. Permission would be seek from the above venues to carry out any study procedures on their premises. Pre-arranged dates and times will be offered to parents/legal guardians by online booking, phone call or email.

During the visit the investigators would go through the details of the study and provide an opportunity for further questions. For those willing to proceed the investigators would then ask participants to sign a consent form and collect demographic information. A nasopharyngeal swab will be taken, and if consented to do so an optional blood sample will be performed in a subset of 632 participants. No further visits or follow-up will be required.

Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Ecologic or Community
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Retention:   Samples Without DNA
Description:
Bacteria grown from nasopharyngeal swabs Serum to measure serotype specific antibodies levels
Sampling Method Non-Probability Sample
Study Population 1600 children aged 13 to 48 months, who have received 3 doses of PCV13 800 children aged 6-12 months, who have recieved 2 doses of PCV13
Condition
  • Streptococcus Pneumoniae Infection
  • Streptococcus Pneumoniae, Invasive Disease
  • Streptococcal Pneumonia
Intervention
  • Diagnostic Test: Nasopharyngeal swab
    Nasopharyngeal swab will be performed in all participants
  • Diagnostic Test: blood sampling
    Blood sampling will be done by finger-prick in a sub-set of participants
Study Groups/Cohorts
  • Children nasal swab only
    Pneumococcal nasopharyngeal carriage in children aged 6-48 months who have previously received PCV13
    Intervention: Diagnostic Test: Nasopharyngeal swab
  • Children nasal swab + serum
    Pneumococcal nasopharyngeal carriage and immunogenicity in children aged 6-48 months who have previously received PCV13
    Interventions:
    • Diagnostic Test: Nasopharyngeal swab
    • Diagnostic Test: blood sampling
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Active, not recruiting
Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: August 9, 2019)
2400
Original Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: April 5, 2017)
1600
Estimated Study Completion Date October 31, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date April 30, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Parent/guardian of participant is willing and able to give informed consent for participation in the study.
  2. In good health as determined by a brief medical history and/or clinical judgement of the investigator.
  3. For children aged 13-48months, they must have received three doses of PCV13 as per infant immunization schedule (as confirmed by red book or through vaccination history and age). For children aged 6-12months, they must have received 2 doses of PCV12 as per the infant immunisation schedule.

    (Vaccination history is confirmed by the child's GP or CHCD. The visit and sampling may still proceed if the vaccination history has not been confirmed beforehand and the participant can be subsequently excluded if they were found to not have received all required doses of PCV13.)

  4. Aged 13-48 months and at least 28 days since their third PCV13 vaccination or aged 6-12months and at least 28days since their second dose of PCV13.
  5. Able (in the Investigators opinion) and willing to comply with all study requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Parent/legal guardian unwilling or unable to give written informed consent to participate in the study.
  2. Parent/legal guardian less than 18 years of age at time of enrolment.
  3. Parent/legal guardian is listed on the study delegation log.
  4. Children who were known to be un-immunized or have an incomplete course of PCV13.
  5. Any other significant disease or disorder which, in the opinion of the Investigator, may either put the participants at risk because of participation in the study, or may influence the result of the study, or the participant's ability to participate in the study.
  6. History of bleeding disorder.

Temporary exclusion criteria:

  1. Febrile illness or temperature of 38°C or above on the day of the visit or in the preceding 24 hours.
  2. Respiratory illness on the day of the study visit or in the preceding 24 hours. A respiratory illness will be classified as a combination of at least two of the following symptoms: cough, sore throat, and runny nose.
  3. Administration of antibiotics in the month prior to sampling.
  4. History of an acute nose bleed (within the last 24 hours), or recent (within the last 3 months) nasal/craniofacial surgery.
  5. Receipt of blood products and/or plasma derivatives or any parenteral immunoglobulin preparation within 90 days.
Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study:All
Ages 6 Months to 48 Months   (Child)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers Yes
Contacts Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries United Kingdom
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT03102840
Other Study ID Numbers OVG 2017/03
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement
Plan to Share IPD:No
Responsible Party University of Oxford
Study Sponsor University of Oxford
Collaborators Pfizer
Investigators Not Provided
PRS Account University of Oxford
Verification Date October 2020