This is a Phase 1b/2, open label, multicenter, safety, clinical activity, pharmacokinetic (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) study of avelumab in combination with chemotherapy with or without other anti-cancer immunotherapies, as first-line treatment of adult patients with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors. Initially, avelumab will be evaluated in combination with pemetrexed and carboplatin in patients with advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (Cohort A1) and with gemcitabine and cisplatin in patients with cisplatin-eligible urothelial cancer (UC) (Cohort A2).
Given the growing preclinical and clinical indications that combinations of anti-cancer immunotherapies potentially improve patient outcomes compared to results seen with single agents, in portions of the study to be added in the future, avelumab will be evaluated in combination with both standard-of-care chemotherapy and other anti-cancer immunotherapies in patients with advanced malignancies. Each cohort in the study will consist of a Phase 1b lead-in portion to evaluate safety and a Phase 2 cohort expansion to evaluate safety and efficacy.
In the Phase 1b safety lead-in portion, up to 12 patients will be enrolled into each cohort and evaluated for dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) during the first 2 cycles of treatment. If investigational products administration in a cohort is deemed safe in the Phase 1b lead-in, enrollment may be expanded into the Phase 2 cohort expansion. Up to approximately 40 patients in each cohort (including those enrolled in the Phase 1b lead-in and those enrolled in the Phase 2 cohort expansion) will be enrolled and treated with avelumab plus chemotherapy in the initial portion of the study and, in future portions of the study, with avelumab plus chemotherapy with or without other anti-cancer immunotherapies.
In the Phase 1b lead-in portions of NSCLC Cohort A1 and UC Cohort A2, avelumab is dosed at 800 mg fixed dose every 3 weeks. Under Protocol Amendment 4, avelumab is dosed at 1200 mg fixed dose every 3 weeks in the Phase 1b lead-in portions of NSCLC Cohort A3 and in UC Cohort A4, in combination with the same standard-of-care chemotherapy doublets used in Cohort A1 and Cohort A2, respectively. For each tumor type, the study treatment combination with the highest avelumab dose determined to be safe may be advanced into Phase 2 cohort expansion.