Trial of Pregabalin for Granulocyte Colony-stimulating Factor (GCSF)-Induced Bone Pain

NCT03407430

Last updated date
Study Location
North Carolina Cancer Hospital
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 27514, United States
Contact
1-800-718-1021

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Eligibility Criteria
condition
The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.
Breast Cancer, Lymphoma, Pain
Sex
Females and Males
Age
Pediatric Trials: 0-17 Years
Adult Trials: 18+ Years
18-99 years
Inclusion Criteria
The factors, or reasons, that allow a person to participate in a clinical study.
Show details

- Age ≥18 years

- Diagnosis of a non-myeloid hematologic malignancy scheduled to initiate a cycle of chemotherapy that requires prophylactic use of a granulocyte colony-stimulating growth factor (based on the provider's discretion), provided the schedule of chemotherapy cycles allows the use of pegfilgrastim at a dose of 6 mg SC once per cycle OR Diagnosis of breast cancer scheduled to initiate dose-dense doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (AC) chemotherapy or docetaxel and cyclophosphamide (TC) chemotherapy that requires prophylactic use of a granulocyte colony-stimulating growth factor, provided the schedule of chemotherapy cycles allows the use of pegfilgrastim, at a dose of 6 mg SC once per cycle; pegfilgrastim scheduled for 24 hours post chemotherapy.

- Schedule of chemotherapy and pegfilgrastim initiation can accommodate initiation of pregabalin 4 days prior to pegfilgrastim dose.

- Baseline pain scores <7 as measured via 10-point numerical scale for pain (see section 11.1); pain score and use of any non-opioid pain medication must be self-reported as stable (same dose and frequency) over the 7 days prior to screening; for opioids, patient must self-report the same dose and frequency over the 28 days prior to screening. Patients who are receiving peri-procedural short-acting analgesics will still be included as long as they are no longer receiving analgesics by D1 of chemotherapy.

Exclusion Criteria
The factors, or reasons, that prevent a person from participating in a clinical study.
Show details


- A history of (within one month) or current pregabalin use.


- Baseline pain scores ≥7 as measured via 10-point numerical scale for pain (see section
11.1).


- Unwilling to discontinue use of antihistamines from 7 days prior to D1 of study
medication.


- Creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≤60 ml/min (as measured via Cockcroft-Gault) based on
serum creatinine measured as part of standard of care prior to administration of
chemotherapy


- Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test prior to
initiating therapy (note, this test should be standard of care prior to administration
of chemotherapy).


- Patient is unable or unwilling to abide by the study protocol or cooperate fully with
the investigator.


- Eligible and agrees to enroll into therapeutic trial ongoing at the Lineberger
Comprehensive Cancer Center (LCCC) (i.e., the treatment trial will take precedence
over LCCC1314).


- Currently receiving therapeutic doses of anticoagulants (ie, prophylactic use of
anticoagulants is allowed) due to possibility of dizziness and falls while on
pregabalin.


- Currently receiving aromatase inhibitors or agents targeted against Ph+ leukemias
(i.e., imatinib, dasatinib, nilotinib, and ponatinib) or scheduled to start these
drugs during cycle 1 of scheduled chemotherapy.


- Presence of bone metastases.


- History of angioedema.


- History of a seizure disorder.

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Breast Cancer, Lymphoma, PainTrial of Pregabalin for Granulocyte Colony-stimulating Factor (GCSF)-Induced Bone Pain
NCT03407430
  1. Chapel Hill, North Carolina
ALL GENDERS
18 Years+
years
MULTIPLE SITES
Advanced Information
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Trial of Pregabalin for Granulocyte Colony-stimulating Factor (GCSF)-Induced Bone Pain
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase II, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind, Randomized Crossover Trial of Pregabalin for the Prophylaxis of Pegfilgrastim-induced Bone Pain
Brief Summary

Purpose:

To evaluate the preventative effects of pregabalin on pegfilgrastim-induced bone pain in cycle 1. Because granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) receptors are found at nerve endings which modulate the pain signal, blocking this with pregabalin is theorized to prevent the occurrence of this adverse effect.

Participants:

Patients will be at least 18 years of age with either a diagnosis of a non-myeloid hematologic malignancy scheduled to initiate a cycle of chemotherapy that requires prophylactic use of a G-CSF, or with a diagnosis of breast cancer scheduled to initiate dose-dense doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide chemotherapy or docetaxel/cyclophosphamide that requires prophylactic use of a G-CSF.

Procedures (methods):

This is a randomized (1:1), single center, placebo-controlled, double blind, crossover phase II study. The primary objective is to compare the proportion of patients who have an increase in pain score of ?3 from baseline in cycle 1 between Arm A (pregabalin) and Arm B (placebo). In consultation with the treating physician, the PI will determine what day pegfilgrastim will be initiated in each eligible, consented patient. Pregabalin or placebo will begin 4 days prior to pegfilgrastim administration, and continue for 7 additional days starting the day of pegfilgrastim administration.

Detailed Description

**Study Synopsis**

This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single center, crossover phase II clinical trial investigating the prophylactic analgesic effects of pregabalin (Lyrica®) during the first two cycles of chemotherapy in cancer patients receiving pegfilgrastim (Neulasta®). The investigators have restricted enrollment in this trial to breast cancer patients and those with hematological malignancies, who require pegfilgrastim prophylactically. Pegfilgrastim is associated with bone pain (which can be severe) when used in these populations.

In this study 60 patients are randomized to Arm A (pregabalin in cycle 1; placebo in cycle 2) or Arm B (placebo in cycle 1; pregabalin in cycle 2). The primary objective is to compare the proportion of patients who have an increase in pain score of ?3 from baseline through the end of study medication in cycle 1 between Arm A (pregabalin) and Arm B (placebo).

A secondary objective is to compare of the proportion of patients with an increase in pain score of ?3 from baseline between pregabalin and placebo across the 2 cycles. Other outcomes evaluated are the safety of this combination, the proportion of patients with an increase in bone/joint pain score of ?3 from baseline, the proportion of patients with severe pain, the maximum change in pain score, and time to and number of days of rescue (breakthrough) analgesics.

For measuring pain, the investigators will rely on a validated 10-point numerical pain scale that patients will complete prior to initiation of pregabalin in each cycle, and for 7 days starting the day of pegfilgrastim administration in each cycle.

Pegfilgrastim is a pegylated form of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) which is FDA approved to decrease the duration of neutropenia, thus the incidence of infection, by stimulating granulocyte production in patients receiving myelosuppressive chemotherapy associated with a significant risk of febrile neutropenia. As a long-acting product, this pegylated version is administered once per chemotherapy cycle, 24-72 hours after chemotherapy is complete.

Bone and skeletal pain due to pegfilgrastim have been reported in early clinical trials at rates of 22-33%, with sites of pain commonly noted in the lower back, posterior iliac crest and sternum. However more recent studies have found incidences as high as 59-71% with 27% experiencing severe pain (pain greater than 5 on a 10-point scale). Notably, Kirshner and colleagues conducted a phase III randomized trial evaluating the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) naproxen for the prevention of pegfilgrastim-related bone pain in patients with nonmyeloid cancer. Patients completed questionnaires at home documenting any new bone or joint pain post pegfilgrastim. The majority enrolled (68%) had breast cancer, and 7% had hematological malignancies. In this study of 510 patients, (257 on naproxen and 253 on placebo), the overall pain incidence was 71.3% (27% severe) in the placebo group and 61.1 % (19.2% severe) in the naproxen group. While naproxen significantly reduced the incidence of all and severe bone pain, and reduced the duration of bone pain (from 2.4 to 1.9 days), the authors concluded that novel preventive strategies are needed given the high incidence of bone pain even when naproxen is used for treatment.

The average onset of bone pain is 4 days after initiation of pegfilgrastim and with a duration of between 2-3 consecutive days. Because patients get multiple cycles of chemotherapy every 14-28 days, these repeated episodes of bone pain can significantly hinder quality of life. In the case where pegfilgrastim is withheld because of severe bone pain, chemotherapy dose-intensity and schedule often cannot be maintained threatening efficacy in addition to an increased potential for infectious complications.

Bone pain secondary to pegfilgrastim is usually treated with NSAIDs such as ibuprofen or naproxen, or opioids. Opioids are often preferred over NSAIDs because patients may be thrombocytopenic and at risk for gastrointestinal bleeding, and NSAIDs increase the risk of both of these adverse events. In addition, NSAIDs have an antipyretic property which is problematic in neutropenic patients. Their use can mask febrile neutropenia, which could mean an important sign of infection is missed in immunocompromised hosts. Because there are no established predictive factors for development of bone pain, nearly all patients who get pegfilgrastim receive a prescription for opioids in case they experience pain. Patients do not take pain medications to prevent the pain, but instead generally wait until they experience pain before starting these analgesics. In general, pain is more difficult to control once it has started, thus a prophylactic strategy may be more advantageous. To avoid any impact on the dose and/or schedule of chemotherapy, it would be optimal to prevent bone pain occurring after administration of pegfilgrastim, rather than advising the patient to treat this pain if/when it happens.

Primary Objective

Compare the proportion of patients who have an increase in pain score of ? 3 from baseline through the end of study medication in cycle 1 between Arm A and Arm B

Secondary Objectives

  • Compare the proportion of patients who have an increase in pain score of ? 3 from baseline between pregabalin and placebo across the 2 cycles
  • Compare the proportion of patients who have an increase in bone/joint pain score of ? 3 from baseline through the end of study medication in cycle 1 between Arm A and Arm B
  • Compare the number of days of breakthrough analgesic use between pregabalin and placebo within cycle 1 and across the 2 cycles
  • Compare the proportion of patients with severe pain between pregabalin and placebo within cycle 1 and across the 2 cycles
  • Compare the maximum change in pain score from baseline between pregabalin and placebo within cycle 1 and across the 2 cycles
  • Compare the maximum neuropathic pain score between pregabalin and placebo within cycle 1 and across the 2 cycles
  • Describe the safety (assessed via NCI CTCAE v4) of pregabalin when used in the prevention of bone pain secondary to pegfilgrastim

Exploratory Objective

  • Compare pain measures between pregabalin and placebo in the breast cancer and hematological malignancy subgroups separately within cycle 1 and across the 2 cycles
  • Compare the time to first breakthrough analgesic use between pregabalin and placebo during cycle 1

Primary Endpoint

Pain score is based on a 10-point numerical scale (see section 11.1) for pain as documented at baseline (at screening for cycle 1 and day 1 of study medication prior to cycle 2) and on patient log (see section 11.3) for 7 days starting the day of pegfilgrastim administration

Secondary/Exploratory Endpoints

  • Bone/joint pain score is based on a 10-point numerical scale (see section 11.1) for pain as documented at baseline (at screening for cycle 1 and day 1 of study medication prior to cycle 2) and on patient log (see section 11.3) for 7 days starting the day of pegfilgrastim administration
  • Severe pain will be measured using the 10-point numerical scale for pain (see section 11.1) as documented on the patient log (section 11.3; severe pain is defined as a score >5 on this scale, similar to Kirshner and colleagues3)
  • A day of breakthrough analgesic use is defined as any day in which patient increases the dose of any pain medication compared to baseline, or the addition of a new pain medication as documented on patient log (see section 11.3); time to first breakthrough analgesic use is defined as the time in days from pegfilgrastim administration to the first day patient uses breakthrough analgesic
  • Neuropathic pain is assessed via the Neuropathic Pain Scale (see section 11.2) as documented from phone calls twice during study medication administration post pegfilgrastim administration.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
placebo-controlled, double blind, randomized crossover trial
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description:
Double-blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE
  • Breast Cancer
  • Lymphoma
  • Pain
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Pregabalin
    During the first chemotherapy cycle, the patient will receive pregabalin 75mg (1 capsule) BID x 4 days before pegfilgrastim 6mg subcutaneous (SC) x1; then pregabalin 150mg (2 capsules) BID x 7 days. During the second chemotherapy cycle, the patient will receive placebo in the same dosing scheme.
    Other Name: Pregabalin/Placebo
  • Drug: Placebo
    During the first chemotherapy cycle, the patient will receive placebo (1 capsule) BID x 4 days before pegfilgrastim 6mg SC x1; then placebo (2 capsules) BID x 7 days. During the second chemotherapy cycle, the patient will receive pregabalin in the same dosing scheme.
    Other Name: Placebo/Pregabalin
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Pregabalin, then Placebo

    Pregabalin in cycle 1; placebo in cycle 2.

    Pregabalin or matching placebo will be administered at 75 mg twice a day (BID) for 4 days, to patients receiving pegfilgrastim for hematologic malignancies or breast cancer patients on myelosuppressive chemotherapy . Starting the day of pegfilgrastim, the dose of study medication will be increased to 150 mg PO BID provided the patient is tolerating the lower dose (ie, they are not experiencing any pregabalin associated toxicities >Grade 1). This will be determined by the research team on the day of pegfilgrastim administration.

    Intervention: Drug: Pregabalin
  • Experimental: Placebo, then Pregabalin

    Placebo in cycle 1; pregabalin in cycle 2.

    Pregabalin or matching placebo will be administered at 75 mg BID for 4 days, to patients receiving pegfilgrastim for hematologic malignancies or breast cancer patients on myelosuppressive chemotherapy . Starting the day of pegfilgrastim, the dose of study medication will be increased to 150 mg PO BID provided the patient is tolerating the lower dose (ie, they are not experiencing any pregabalin associated toxicities >Grade 1). This will be determined by the research team on the day of pegfilgrastim administration.

    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 16, 2018)
11
Original Actual Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE July 20, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date June 3, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ?18 years
  • Diagnosis of a non-myeloid hematologic malignancy scheduled to initiate a cycle of chemotherapy that requires prophylactic use of a granulocyte colony-stimulating growth factor (based on the provider's discretion), provided the schedule of chemotherapy cycles allows the use of pegfilgrastim at a dose of 6 mg SC once per cycle OR Diagnosis of breast cancer scheduled to initiate dose-dense doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (AC) chemotherapy or docetaxel and cyclophosphamide (TC) chemotherapy that requires prophylactic use of a granulocyte colony-stimulating growth factor, provided the schedule of chemotherapy cycles allows the use of pegfilgrastim, at a dose of 6 mg SC once per cycle; pegfilgrastim scheduled for 24 hours post chemotherapy.
  • Schedule of chemotherapy and pegfilgrastim initiation can accommodate initiation of pregabalin 4 days prior to pegfilgrastim dose.
  • Baseline pain scores <7 as measured via 10-point numerical scale for pain (see section 11.1); pain score and use of any non-opioid pain medication must be self-reported as stable (same dose and frequency) over the 7 days prior to screening; for opioids, patient must self-report the same dose and frequency over the 28 days prior to screening. Patients who are receiving peri-procedural short-acting analgesics will still be included as long as they are no longer receiving analgesics by D1 of chemotherapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A history of (within one month) or current pregabalin use.
  • Baseline pain scores ?7 as measured via 10-point numerical scale for pain (see section 11.1).
  • Unwilling to discontinue use of antihistamines from 7 days prior to D1 of study medication.
  • Creatinine clearance (CrCl) ?60 ml/min (as measured via Cockcroft-Gault) based on serum creatinine measured as part of standard of care prior to administration of chemotherapy
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test prior to initiating therapy (note, this test should be standard of care prior to administration of chemotherapy).
  • Patient is unable or unwilling to abide by the study protocol or cooperate fully with the investigator.
  • Eligible and agrees to enroll into therapeutic trial ongoing at the Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center (LCCC) (i.e., the treatment trial will take precedence over LCCC1314).
  • Currently receiving therapeutic doses of anticoagulants (ie, prophylactic use of anticoagulants is allowed) due to possibility of dizziness and falls while on pregabalin.
  • Currently receiving aromatase inhibitors or agents targeted against Ph+ leukemias (i.e., imatinib, dasatinib, nilotinib, and ponatinib) or scheduled to start these drugs during cycle 1 of scheduled chemotherapy.
  • Presence of bone metastases.
  • History of angioedema.
  • History of a seizure disorder.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study:All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03407430
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE LCCC 1314
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD:No
Plan Description:Individual participant data (IPD) will not be shared and kept confidential.
Responsible Party UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Study Sponsor  ICMJE UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Collaborators  ICMJE Pfizer
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator:Benyam Muluneh, PharmD, CPPUNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
PRS Account UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Verification Date June 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP