Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website.

Eczema is sometimes called atopic dermatitis (or atopic eczema), which is the most common form. There are several types of eczema: atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, nummular eczema, seborrheic dermatitis and statis dermatitis. Each type of eczema has its own set of symptoms, triggers and treatment.*

  • Atopic dermatitis—considered a severe form of eczema1—is a chronic (long-lasting), non-contagious inflammatory skin disease marked by periodic flares.3 It is characterized by significant itching that can be worse at night and disrupt sleep.4

    Atopic dermatitis causes patches of rash commonly located on the face, inside the elbows and behind the knees, and on the hands and feet5, but it can appear anywhere on the body.6 And while there is no cure for the condition, atopic dermatitis can be managed with treatment and lifestyle changes.1,7

  • Atopic dermatitis most often occurs in babies and children.5 Childhood atopic dermatitis may go away or improve with age, but in some cases the condition persists into adulthood.5 It’s rare for an adult to get atopic dermatitis. In fact, 90% of people get it before the age of 5.6

    Though its cause is not fully understood, the condition may run in families. It also may be seen in those who suffer from asthma or hay fever or in those who have family members who have these conditions.1

    Some common things that trigger eczema include: dry skin, irritants (such as fragrance, soaps or cigarette smoke), fabrics (such as wool and polyester), stress.9

  • The symptoms of AD are different in adults compared to children. Here’s how it often appears in infants and children6:

    • In infants, a rash that begins suddenly, on the face, neck, trunk and extremities.
    • In children, patches may appear in the creases of the elbow and knees, or on the wrists, ankles, and hands.
    • Very intense itching.
    • Eczema flares, or episodes, are often triggered by itching, which leads to scratching, inflammation and then more itching. This is called the “itch-scratch cycle8".
    • Oozing and “weeping” of clear fluids from inflamed areas.
    • Rough, leathery patches of skin.

    Childhood AD may go away or improve with age, but in some cases, the condition persists into adulthood. In adults, AD symptoms may look different from childhood atopic dermatitis. Adults with AD have skin that may be very dry, scaly, thick, and dark, and constantly itchy. Rashes are often seen in the elbow and knee creases as well as the neck and hands. It can be especially bad around the eyes.6

  • In order to make a diagnosis of atopic dermatitis, your healthcare provider will examine your skin and ask questions about your medical and family history.7

  • There is no cure for atopic dermatitis, but your doctor can help develop a treatment plan that includes medications, lifestyle changes, and a good skin care routine.7

Eczema is a focus of our Internal Medicine Therapeutic Area.

Visit Our Internal Medicine Site

We proudly partner with thousands of study sites and tens of thousands of trial participants around the world. It's these clinical trials that lead to life-changing medicines.

Go to Pfizer Clinical Trials Site

Disease Education Information

  • What is Eczema?

    Atopic dermatitis—considered a severe form of eczema1—is a chronic (long-lasting), non-contagious inflammatory skin disease marked by periodic flares.3 It is characterized by significant itching that can be worse at night and disrupt sleep.4

    Atopic dermatitis causes patches of rash commonly located on the face, inside the elbows and behind the knees, and on the hands and feet5, but it can appear anywhere on the body.6 And while there is no cure for the condition, atopic dermatitis can be managed with treatment and lifestyle changes.1,7

  • Who gets Eczema and What Causes It?

    Atopic dermatitis most often occurs in babies and children.5 Childhood atopic dermatitis may go away or improve with age, but in some cases the condition persists into adulthood.5 It’s rare for an adult to get atopic dermatitis. In fact, 90% of people get it before the age of 5.6

    Though its cause is not fully understood, the condition may run in families. It also may be seen in those who suffer from asthma or hay fever or in those who have family members who have these conditions.1

    Some common things that trigger eczema include: dry skin, irritants (such as fragrance, soaps or cigarette smoke), fabrics (such as wool and polyester), stress.9

  • What are the Symptoms of Eczema?

    The symptoms of AD are different in adults compared to children. Here’s how it often appears in infants and children6:

    • In infants, a rash that begins suddenly, on the face, neck, trunk and extremities.
    • In children, patches may appear in the creases of the elbow and knees, or on the wrists, ankles, and hands.
    • Very intense itching.
    • Eczema flares, or episodes, are often triggered by itching, which leads to scratching, inflammation and then more itching. This is called the “itch-scratch cycle8".
    • Oozing and “weeping” of clear fluids from inflamed areas.
    • Rough, leathery patches of skin.

    Childhood AD may go away or improve with age, but in some cases, the condition persists into adulthood. In adults, AD symptoms may look different from childhood atopic dermatitis. Adults with AD have skin that may be very dry, scaly, thick, and dark, and constantly itchy. Rashes are often seen in the elbow and knee creases as well as the neck and hands. It can be especially bad around the eyes.6

  • How is Eczema Diagnosed?

    In order to make a diagnosis of atopic dermatitis, your healthcare provider will examine your skin and ask questions about your medical and family history.7

  • Can Eczema be Treated?

    There is no cure for atopic dermatitis, but your doctor can help develop a treatment plan that includes medications, lifestyle changes, and a good skin care routine.7

Our Focus in Internal Medicine   -  

  Learn more about Pfizer Internal Medicine