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Health Literacy

What have you heard about health literacy?

Health Literacy is a way of describing the skills we need to look after our health. It plays an important role in how we are able to understand and act on health information. Low health literacy can affect anyone and many people find health information difficult or confusing. Pfizer has taken an important role in promoting clear health communication.

We support healthcare professionals and patients with resources and tools to encourage better health conversations that may help improve outcomes for patients.

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Health Literacy by PfizerHEALTH LITERACYWHAT IT IS AND WHY IT MATTERSInstructionsBenefits & RisksServicesProvidersTaking care of our health is a part of life, not just when we visit a clinic or hospital.Health literacy can help us protect our health, understand health problems,and perhaps avoid or manage some of them.1WHAT IS HEALTH LITERACY?Health literacy is a measure of how patients gethealth information and services, understand them, and use them.Health literacy is different from literacy, which is a person's reading and writing skills.Health literacy also includes math skills and knowledge of health topics and the human body.5Health literacy depends on individual factorsas well as the healthcare system.Medical or technical words may be unfamiliar,but patients can continue to learn new termsand health topics.By improving health literacy, patients may be able to make better choices about their health.2IMPROVING HEALTH LITERACYHealth information can feel difficult and confusing.What people learn about healthinformation may be incompleteand often becomes outdated.⁷Nearly9 out of 10adults may not have receivedthe health literacy tools needed to manage their health.⁶Improving health literacy may help patients: • Improve health outcomes and quality of care and lower healthcare costs• Find a healthcare provider, like a primary care doctor or a specialist, or a service, like a mammogram or an X-ray• Fill out complicated medical forms• Share information with the healthcare team2,8,9• Understand treatment options and their benefits and risks• Work with other members of the healthcare team to decide on a treatment plan• Manage treatment options, set goals, and ask questions10Improving health literacyis the job of the entirehealthcare team.WHAT CAN YOU, THE PATIENT, DOTO IMPROVE YOUR HEALTH LITERACY?11When you visit your healthcare provider, start with these three simple questions12,13What is my main health problem?What do I need to do?Why is it important for me to do this?Don’t be afraid to ask your healthcare professionalsto explain something again.If the doctor, nurse, pharmacist, or other memberof the healthcare team says something you do notunderstand—let them know!If English is not your main language, tell your healthcare team.Ask your healthcare team to give you educationalmaterials to read or watch.TAKE THE FIRST STEP WITH THIS ARTICLEON GETTING TO KNOW YOUR HEALTHCARE TEAMMake more informed choices about your healthby taking steps to learn about and improve your health literacy.CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE ABOUT HEALTH LITERACYRESOURCES FOR HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALSContinue to "encourage patients and their familiesto feel comfortable enough to speak up about any concernsthey have about errors or the quality of care they are receiving." —The Joint CommissionClear health communication between healthcare professionals and patients can help to improve health literacy and understanding.15 Techniques that healthcare professionals can use include: 2,16• Speak in plain language andavoid technical terms• Focus on key information neededfor the visit• Let the most important pointscome first• Ask open-ended questions• Encourage patients to write downtheir questions before theirappointments• Make information relevantto the patient’s culture• Use language services for those who don’t speak English as their main language• Work together with patients to set goals and make shared decisions• Suggest patients bring a trusted person to appointments, such as a close friend or family member17• Distribute plain-language educational materials and connect patients with supportive resources such as advocacy groups• Ask patients to share information learned or plans made by teaching them back to youThe "Newest Vital Sign" tool to help you assess your patients'health literacy is available by clicking on the link below.CLICK HERE FOR THE NEWEST VITAL SIGN TOOLCLICK HERE FOR ADDITIONAL RESOURCESSOURCES1 https://www.cdc.gov/healthliteracy/learn/Understanding.html2 www.health.gov/communication/literacy/powerpoint/default.htm3 www.health.gov/communication/about.asp4 www.who.int/healthpromotion/conferences/7gchp/track2/en/5 www.health.gov/communication/literacy/quickguide/Quickguide.pdf6 www.health.gov/communication/literacy/issuebrief/7 https://health.gov/communication/literacy/quickguide/factsbasic.htm8 Apter, A. J. 2013. Numeracy in health care: A clinician’s perspective. Presentation at the Institute of Medicine Workshop on Health Literacy and Numeracy, Washington, DC, July 18. 9 www.nap.edu/read/11623/chapter/2#710 www.ahrq.gov/professionals/education/curriculum-tools/shareddecisionmaking/tools/tool-4/index.html11 www.pfizer.com/health/literacy/patients-and-families/what-can-patients-families-do/what-can-you-do12 www.npsf.org/page/askme313 www.ahrq.gov/patients-consumers/patient-involvement/ask-your-doctor/index.html14 https://www.jointcommission.org/assets/1/18/improving_health_literacy.pdf15 Komondor K. 5 things for health providers-Health literacy journey at St. Vincent Medical Center; Powerpoint presentation, Institute of Medicine Workshop on Organizational Change to Improve Health Literacy; Washington, DC. April 11.2013 16 www.health.gov/communication/interactiveHLCM/17 https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/1104329